Module 1. Introduction

How did electric mobility start? How does it affect our environment? Let’s dive into the basics of the technology of electric vehicles and batteries.

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In this module, you will learn about

I.   History of Electric Vehicles 
II.  Environmental Effects of Electric Vehicles
III. Electric Vehicle Technology Overview
IV. Battery Technologies For Electric Vehicles



EV Technology Overview

 [1]M. Ehsani, Y. Gao ve A. Emadi, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell VehiclesFundamentals, Theory and Design, *** Press, Taylor & Francis, 2010

History of Electric Vehicles

[1] M. Moritomo, «Which is the First Electric Vehicle?,» Electrical Engineering in Japan, vol. 192, no. 2, pp. 31-38, 201
[2] K. Desmond, Electric Motorcycles and Bicycles, North Carolina: Mc Farland & CompanyInc., 2019.
[3] «popo.uw23WilliamHupkeStatista, [Online].Available: [accessed: 10 032021].
[4] I. Husain, Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Design Fundamentals, CRC Press, Taylor&Francis,2005.
[5] P. Valdes-Dapena ve I. Sherman, «Electric cars have been around since before the US CivilWar,» 18 07 2019. [Online]. Available:[accessed: 06 12 2020].
[6] «Global battery demand 2018 to 2030 by application,» Statista, [Online]. Available: [accessed: 1003 2021].
[7] J. Stolfa, S. Stolfa, C. Baio, U. Madaleno, P. Dolejsi, F. Brugnoli ve R. Messnarz, «DRIVES—EU blueprint project for the automotive sector—A literature review of drivers of change in automotive industry,»Journal of Software: Evaluation and Process,vol.32:e2222, 2019

Environmental Effects of Electric Vehicles
[1] M. Messagie, «Life Cycle Analysis of the Climate Impact of Electric Vehicles,» [Online].Available: [accessed: 07 12 2020].
[2] «Congo, child labour and your electriccar,» Financial Times, [Online]. Available: [accessed: 07 12 2020].
[3][Online]. Available: . [accessed: 07 12 2020].
[4] «Benefits of electric cars on the environment,» [Online]. Available:,to%20fuel%20them%20is%20considered. [accessed: 07 12 2020].
[5] «Electricity demand from the electric vehicle fleet by mode, 2019 and 2030,» IEA, Paris,[Online]. Available: [accessed: 07 12 2020].
[6] A. H. Al-Badi, R. Ahsan, N. Hosseinzadeh, R. Ghorbani ve E. Hossain, «Survey of SmartGrid Concepts and Technological Demonstrations Worldwide Emphasizing on the OmanPerspective,» Applied System Innovation, vol.3, no. 5, pp. 1-27, 2020

Battery Technologies for EV

[1]I. Husain, Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Design Fundamentals, CRC Press, Taylor&Francis,2005.

[2]B. J. Landi, M. J. Ganter, C. D. Cress, R. A. DiLeoa ve R. P. Raffaellea, «Carbon nanotubesfor lithium ion batteries,»Energy & Environmental Science, pp. 638-654, 2009.

[3]K. Garbesi, V. Vossos ve H. Shen, «Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems,»Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, LBNL-5364E, 2011.

[4]Y. Miao, P. Hynan, A. v. Jouanne ve A. Yokochi, «Current Li-Ion Battery Technologies inElectric Vehicles and Opportunities for Advancements,»energies,vol.12, no. 6, pp. 1-20, 2019.

[5]A. C. M Koniak, «Selection of the battery pack parameters for an electric vehicle basedon performance requirements,»Int. Conf. on Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Eng., IOPpublishing, pp. 1-9, 2017.

[6]A. Pesaran, S. Santhanagopalan ve G. H. Kim, «Addressing the Impact of TemperatureExtremes on Large Format Li-Ion Batteries for Vehicle Applications,» %1in30th Int. BatterySeminar, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 2013.

[7]«Lithium Battery Safety,» University of Washington, [Online]. Available: [accessed:11 12 2020].

[8]«Hydrogen Fluoride/ Hydrofluoric Acid: Systemic Agent,» CDC-Center for DiseaseControl and Prevention, [Online]. Available: [accessed: 1112 2020].

[9]M. E. V. Team, «A Guide to Understanding Battery Specifications,» University ofWashington, 2008. [Online]. Available:[accessed: 11 12 2020].

[10]«ALM12V7 Users's Guide,» A123 Systems Inc., 2012.

[11]A. Sharma, P. Zanotti ve L. P. Musunur, «Enabling the Electric Future of Mobility: RoboticAutomation for Electric Vehicle Battery Assembly,»IEEE Access,vol.7, pp. 170961-170991, 2019